The client, a multinational company for the distribution
of goods intended for duty-free shops, invited us to prepare
a concept of extension of airport in Tivat, Montenegro. In
the time of Yugoslavia, Tivat Airport functioned as a military
airport, known for its beautiful scenery on inbound route,
which begins practically at sea, and ends at the foot of high
mountains. At the end of the nineties the Montenegrin Riviera
began to gain importance, with high interest of Russian tourists.
In order to enable rapid access for tourists to the Riviera,
Tivat Airport built a passenger terminal and a duty-free shop,
which soon became too small in face of a large increase in
the number of passengers. The client has decided to propose
the administration of Montenegrin airports to invest 10 million
€ in expansion of the airport building, within which a duty-free
shop in the volume of approximately 500 m2 would be arranged.
The volume of sales per Russian passenger was so high that
trade in the facility could generate the cover the investment.
The existing terminal building would be used as an arrival
terminal and check-in hall of departures. The start of the
new building would house security control, then a duty free
shop and transition to the departure hall with departure gates.
The floor plan composition follows the dynamism flight, dynamic
triangular building opens to the sea side. The facility is
provided with a rational height of 8 meters, above which blinds
in visually stronger bands are arranged, large overhangs create
an impression of lightness. The purpose of the blinds is complete
shading the whole building, which significantly reduces the
energy consumption for cooling in the summer months, when
at the airport carries out the largest part of the annual
turnover. On the roof are provided for ventilation towers
on the roof introduce elements of natural ventilation into
composition, with the system of pressure difference due to
difference in height. Natural draft significantly reduces
energy consumption for air conditioning. Towers create a dynamic
"landscape" on the roof as an echo of natural terrain around
the airport. The composition of the airport makes it possible
to close the new terminal in winter months from the perspective
of the operating costs when the traffic volume falls sharply,
and all functions are transferred to the existing part of
the building. From the perspective of the operating costs,
this renders the airport additionally viable and thus successful.
Client's progressive approach was initially accepted well,
as it would provide the necessary infrastructure in two years.
After the "processing" of the project in all state structures,
it has been decided to use the classic manner of tender acquisition
for project and later building contractors. According to our
estimates, it will now take six years to complete the terminal.